A high-level overview to quickly get you up-to-speed with M2M vs IoT and how 5G will impact IoT advancements over the next 5 years.
M2M vs IoT in the Era of 5G: What’s Coming Next…
A major part of staying ahead in your tech career is staying up-to-speed with the latest advancements in your field. For data professionals, advances in IoT and AI technologies should be in the forefront of your mind. These are the things that will shape the future of our careers.
In today’s post, you’re going to get a cliff notes version of IoT in the era of 5G, with a brief primer of IoT’s peer, machine-to-machine technology.
Defining the terminology
Before we get into M2M vs IoT and how 5G plays into all that, let’s start by clarifying the vernacular.
- M2M – An “M2M” is a machine-to-machine network that allows a connected device to communicate with a centralized devised that monitors and controls its operations, automatically and without human intervention.
- IoT – “IoT” refers to the ever ubiquitous “internet of things”. Internet of things refers to data -generating and -transmitting devices that are connected to each other across the internet. The IoT allows connected devices to switch between operational modes based on data readings that are taken by other machines in the connected network. ATM money machines were one of the first devices1 connected across IoT.
- 5G – “5G” is the fifth generation of the cellular network technologies that we use to communicate with data; In other words, to do things like correspond via email, post an Instagram snap, fetch an Uber – basically any activity that requires the internet. 5G’s focus is on offering coverage that’s much faster, more stable and more reliable than its predecessors. This increase in stability and reliability will be the basis upon which new and unforeseen technologies are built.
From the definitions you’ve just read, M2M and IoT sound like almost the same thing, right? I mean, both M2M and IoT allow devices to communicate and self-regulate operations without human intervention.
M2M vs IoT
But let’s look at M2M vs IoT a bit closer for a sec… Two big differences between them are:
Network layout – In its essence, M2M devices are basically one-to-one communication networks, while IoT is a many-to-many communication network.
Complexity – An M2M device is operated according to the rules defined at the monitoring device to which it’s connected. There is a direct and clear connection between machine operations and the instructions at the central device that monitors it. Like I analogized, one-to-one. In IoT, each connected device can be operated according to any number of competing sets of rules that can be stored in an array of places in the network. For example:
- The device can have embedded (machine learning) models or rules that allow the device to self-modulate its operations, or
- The device could be modulated according to models or rules defined at the IoT command center, or
- The device could be modulated according to events that have occurred on other devices that its connected to via the IoT.
So basically, the way that IoT moderates and controls device behavior is many-folds more complex than in M2M communication.
How much data will the IoT need?
According to this year’s Ericsson Mobility Report, by 2023, 20 billion of the 30 billion internet connected devices will be IoT-connected. Currently, there are about 0.5 billion IoT devices that are connected across cellular networks. Ericsson projects, however, that by 2023 there will be 1.8 billion IoT devices connected across cellular networks alone. That’s a major increase in data usage!
“What type of devises will account for that increase?” I am glad you asked! That takes me to a whole plethora of technologies that enable the AI products and services that we’ll enjoy in 2023, including IoT-connected vehicles, smart household devices (like coffee makers, crock pots, TVs, AVRs), machine meters, and sensor devices. The list could go on and on.
How 5G will help telecoms IoT flourish?
Remember how I mentioned that 5G is much faster and more reliable than its earlier compadres? Well its speed and reliability are exactly what’s needed to take IoT technologies to the next level. IoT devices create tons of machine-generated data.
Since IoT devices use the internet to transmit data to the central control center (and to other IoT devices), faster internet means a better level of service that IoT devices can deliver. With faster and more stable internet, we have the capacity we need to connect more IoT-devices. What’s more, with its increased reliability, 5G is primed to support IoT applications that facilitate mission-critical communications.
Where you can go from here
Unfortunately, we have come to the end of our time here, but let me at least leave you with some next steps… If you really want to take initiative in your career, it’s a great idea to download the Ericsson Mobility Report yourself and quickly get up-to-speed with this data-driven summary of what’s happening across the telecom sector as a whole (I mean, we are talking about the industry that is responsible for transporting all the data that we so love). Share this article with a friend, and for extra points, in the comments below write down what Ericsson Mobility Report takeaways were most compelling to you!
‘I captured this content on behalf of DevMode Strategies during an invite-only tour of the Ericsson Studio in Kista. Rest assure, the text and opinions are my own.’